Cambios tempranos en la competencia lingüística

Un estudio de caso de un niño hablante de español como lengua de herencia

Autores/as

  • Lourdes Martinez-Nieto

Palabras clave:

Hablante de herencia, adquisición bilingüe, análisis de errores lingüísticos

Resumen

El presente trabajo constituye el primer análisis de un estudio mayor y presenta un estudio de caso de un niño hablante del español como lengua de herencia y aprendiz del inglés como segunda lengua. Los objetivos del estudio son analizar si existe un cambio en la competencia lingüística durante los primeros años de educación escolar e identificar los tipos de errores gramaticales en ambas  lenguas. Los datos se obtuvieron mediante una tarea de recuento de narrativa en cada lengua y fueron recopilados longitudinalmente durante los primeros cinco años de educación formal del niño -de prescolar a tercer grado- en una escuela pública en Estados Unidos en donde la educación se imparte totalmente en inglés. Los resultados muestran que la competencia lingüística en ambas lenguas refleja un crecimiento. Sin embargo, el crecimiento es más claro en el inglés que en el español, y mientras que la gramaticalidad en el inglés mejora, en el español va en decremento.

Citas

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Publicado

2022-01-01 — Actualizado el 2022-02-24

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Cómo citar

Martinez-Nieto, L. (2022). Cambios tempranos en la competencia lingüística: Un estudio de caso de un niño hablante de español como lengua de herencia. Punto Cunorte, 1(14 enero-junio 2022), 165–198. Recuperado a partir de http://revistas.cunorte.udg.mx/punto/article/view/138 (Original work published 1 de enero de 2022)